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7 Point Plan

References

  1. United Nations Children’s Fund and World Health Organization, ‘WHO/UNICEF Joint Statement: Clinical management of acute diarrhoea’, UNICEF, New York, 2004, http://www.afro.who.int/cah/documents/intervention/acute_diarrhoea_joint_statement.pdf, accessed June 2009.
     
  2. ―, ‘Water with Sugar and Salt’, The Lancet, vol. 312, no. 8084, 1978, pp. 300-301.
     
  3. ―, Weekly Epidemiological Record, vol. 83, no. 47, 21 November 2008.
     
  4. Black, R.E., S. Morris and J. Bryce, ‘Where and Why are 10 Million Children Dying Every Year?’, The Lancet, vol. 361, no. 9376, 28 June 2003, pp. 2226-2234.
     
  5. Fewtrell, L., et al., ‘Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Interventions to Reduce Diarrhoea in Less Developed Countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis’, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 5, no.1, 2005, pp. 42-52; Curtis V., and S. Cairncross, ‘Effect of Washing Hands with Soap on Diarrhoea Risk in the Community: A systematic review’, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 3, no. 5, 2003, pp. 275-281; Luby, S.P., et al., ‘Effect of Handwashing on Child Health: A randomised controlled trial’, The Lancet, vol. 366, no. 9481, July 2005, pp. 225-233.
     
  6. Boschi Pinto, C., et al., ‘The Global Burden of Childhood Diarrhoea’, in: Ehiri, J.E., M. Meremikwu (editors), International Maternal and Child Health, 2009 (in press).
     
  7. Ibid.
     
  8. World Health Organization, The Evolution of Diarrhoeal and Acute Respiratory Disease Control at WHO, WHO, Geneva, 1999, http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/1999/WHO_CHS_CAH_99.12.pdf, accessed June 2009.
     
  9. Weekly Epidemiological Record, vol. 83, no. 47, 21 November 2008.
     
  10. Partners in Health, The PIH Guide to the Community-Based Treatment of HIV in Resource-Poor Settings (Revised Second Edition), Partners in Health, Boston, 2008.
     
  11. World Health Organization, Antiretroviral Therapy of HIV Infection in Infants and Children: Towards universal access. Recommendations for a public health approach, WHO, Geneva, 2006.
     
  12. Tindyebwa, D., et al., ‘Common Clinical Conditions Associated with HIV’, in: Handbook on Paediatric AIDS in Africa, 2004.
     
  13. Lule, J.R., et al., ‘Effect of Home-Based Water Chlorination and Safe Storage on Diarrhea Among Persons with Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Uganda’, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 73, no. 5, 2005, pp. 926-933.
     
  14. Black, R.E., S. Morris and J. Bryce, ‘Where and Why are 10 Million Children Dying Every Year?’, The Lancet, vol. 361, no. 9376, 28 June 2003, pp. 2226-2234.
     
  15. Jamison, D.T., et al. (editors), Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (Second Edition), London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, 2008, http://www.dcp2.org/pubs/DCP, accessed June 2009.
     
  16. Ferriman, A., ‘BMJ readers choose the “sanitary revolution” as greatest medical advance since 1840’, British Medical Journal, vol. 334, no. 7585, 2007, p. 111.
     
  17. World Health Organization, ‘Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: Quantifying the health impact at national and local levels in countries with incomplete water supply and sanitation coverage’, Environmental burden of disease series, no.15, 2007.
     
  18. Kar, K., ‘Subsidy or Self-Respect? Participatory total community sanitation in Bangladesh’, IDS Working paper 184, Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK, 2003.
     
  19. Jamison, Dean T., et al. (editors), Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (Second Edition), London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, 2008, http://www.dcp2.org/pubs/PIH/2/, accessed June 2009.
     
  20. Fewtrell, L., et al., ‘Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Interventions to Reduce Diarrhoea in Less Developed Countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis’, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 5, no. 1, 2005, pp. 42-52; Curtis V., and S. Cairncross, ‘Effect of Washing Hands with Soap on Diarrhoea Risk in the Community: A systematic review’, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 3, no. 5, 2003, pp. 275-281; Luby, S.P., et al., ‘Effect of Handwashing on Child Health: A randomised controlled trial’, The Lancet, vol. 366, no. 9481, July 2005, pp. 225-233.
     
  21. Curtis, V.A., and S. Cairncross, ‘Domestic Hygiene and Diarrhoea, Pinpointing the Problem’, Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 5, no. 1, 2000, pp. 22-32.
     
  22. World Health Organization, ‘Safe Water, Better Health’, WHO, Geneva, 2008, http://www.who.int/quantifying_ehimpacts/publications/saferwater/en/index.html, accessed June 2009.
     
  23. ―, Maternal and Child Undernutrition: Global and regional exposures and health consequences’, The Lancet, vol. 371, no. 9608, 2008, pp. 243-260.
     
  24. Checkley, W., et al., ‘Effects of Acute Diarrhea on Linear Growth in Peruvian Children’, American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 157, no. 2, 2003, pp. 166-175.
     
  25. Feachem, R.G., et al., ‘Interventions for the Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases Among Young Children: Promotion of breastfeeding’, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 62, no. 2, 1983; Victora, C.G., et al., ‘Evidence for the Protection of Breastfeeding Against Infant Deaths from Infectious Diseases in Brazil’, The Lancet, vol. 2, no. 8554,1987, pp. 319-322.
     
  26. WHO Collaborative Study Team on the Role of Breastfeeding on the Prevention of Infant Mortality, ‘Effect of Breastfeeding on Infant and Child Mortality due to Infectious Diseases in Less Developed Countries: A pooled analysis’, The Lancet, vol. 355, no. 9202, 2000, pp. 451-455.
     
  27. International Vitamin A Consultative Group, ‘IVACG Policy Statement on Vitamin A, Diarrhea and Measles’, IVACG, Washington DC, 1996; Barreto, M.L., et al., ’Effect of Vitamin A Supplementation on Diarrhoea and Acute Lower Respiratory Infections in Young Children In Brazil’, The Lancet, vol. 344, no. 8917, 1994, pp. 228-231; Fawzi, W.W., et al., ‘Vitamin A Supplementation and Child Mortality: A metaanalysis’, Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 269, no. 7, 1993, pp. 898-903.
     
  28. International Vitamin A Consultative Group, ‘IVACG Policy Statement on Vitamin A, Diarrhea and Measles’, IVACG, Washington DC,1996; Barreto, M.L., et al., ‘Effect of Vitamin A Supplementation on Diarrhoea and Acute Lower Respiratory Infections in Young Children in Brazil’, The Lancet, vol. 344, no. 8917, 1994, pp. 228-231.
     
  29. Zinc Investigators’ Collaborative Group, ‘Prevention of Diarrhea and Pneumonia by Zinc Supplementation in Children in Developing Countries: Pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials’, Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 135, no. 6, 1999, pp. 689-697; Lazzerini, M., and L. Ronfani, ‘Oral Zinc for Treating Diarrhoea in Children’, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, issue 3, article no. CD005436. DOI: 10.1002/14651858. CD005436.pub2, 2008.
     
  30. ― , Weekly Epidemiological Record, vol. 83, no. 47, 21 November 2008.
     
  31. World Health Organization, ‘Estimated Rotavirus Deaths for Children Under Five Years of Age: 2004’, http://www.who.int/immunization_monitoring/burden/rotavirus_estimates/en/index.html, accessed June 2009.
     
  32. Rotavirus Vaccine Program, ‘Rotavirus Facts’, http://www.rotavirusvaccine.org, accessed August 2009.
     
  33. United Nations Children’s Fund and World Health Organization, Model IMCI Handbook: Integrated management of childhood illness, WHO, Geneva, 2005, http://www.who.int/child_adolescent_health/documents/9241546441/en/index.html, accessed June 2009.
     
  34. United Nations Children’s Fund and World Health Organization, ‘WHO/UNICEF Joint Statement: Clinical management of acute diarrhoea’, UNICEF, New York, 2004, http://www.afro.who.int/cah/documents/intervention/acute_diarrhoea_joint_statement.pdf, accessed June 2009.
     
  35. ―, ‘Water with Sugar and Salt’, The Lancet, vol. 312, no. 8084, 1978, pp. 300-301.
     
  36. World Health Organization/United Nations Children’s Fund, Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation: Special focus on sanitation, UNICEF, New York, 2008.
     
  37. Ibid.
     
  38. Measles Initiative, ‘Progress in Global Measles Control and Mortality Reduction, 2000-2007’, The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 57, no. 48, 5 December 2008, p.1303, http://www.measlesinitiative.org/docs/mi-mmwr-measles-update.pdf, accessed June 2009.
     
  39. Hoekstra, E.J., et al., ‘Reducing Measles Mortality, Reducing Child Mortality’, The Lancet, vol. 368, no. 9541, 2006, pp. 1050-1052.
     
  40. Victora, C.G., et al., ‘Reduce Deaths Through Oral Rehydration Therapy’, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 78, no. 10, 2000, pp. 1246-1255.
     
  41. United Nations Children’s Fund, Habits of a Lifetime, UNICEF, Dhaka, 2008, http://www.unicef.org/bangladesh/media_4550.htm, accessed June 2009.
     
  42. UNICEF Supply Division, 2009.
     
  43. United Nations Children’s Fund and World Health Organization, ‘WHO/UNICEF Joint Statement: Clinical management of acute diarrhoea’, UNICEF, New York, 2004, http://www.afro.who.int/cah/documents/intervention/acute_diarrhoea_joint_statement.pdf, accessed June 2009.
     
  44. Curtis, V., L. Danquah and R. Aunger, ‘Habitual, Motivated and Planned Handwashing: A review of formative research from 11 countries, Health Education Research, 2009.
     
  45. United Nations Children’s Fund/World Health Organization, Summary of a meeting held on 17-18 June 2004, http://www.childinfo.org/mdg_methodology.html, accessed June 2009.
     
  46. ‘Countdown to 2015’, Report of the meeting of the Coverage Working Group for the Countdown to 2015 Conference, 7 September 2007, UNICEF, New York.
     
  47. United Nations Children’s Fund/World Health Organization, Summary of a meeting held on 17-18 June 2004, http://www.childinfo.org/mdg_methodology.html, accessed June 2009; ‘Countdown to 2015’, Report of the meeting of the Coverage Working Group for the Countdown to 2015 Conference, 7 September 2007, UNICEF, New York.


Oral Rehydration Therapy